Culture Guide

This guide is a reference tool only. Please email or call for plant availability and pricing.





Status on Plant List:
NN - plant is not a native to Michigan or the seed is not a Michigan geno-type
SC - Special Concern
T - Threatened
X - Extirpated (removed from the wild)

Plants that are Threatened cannot be wild collected. Our seed is from Michigan sources that propagated it prior to Threatened status or was collected with permission from the Michigan Department of Natural Resources.






Latin Name Common Name Status Type Light Moisture Soil Size Bloom Color
Achillea millefolium Yarrow Forb/Flower Sun|Part-Sun Dry|Dry-Mesic Sand|Loam|Clay|Gravel 1-2 feet May|Jun|Jul White
Acorus calamus Sweet Flag Shrub/Vine Sun Wet-Mesic|Wet Clay 1-4 feet May|Jun|Jul Green/white
Agertina altissima White Snakeroot Forb/Flower Part-Sun|Shade Mesic|Wet-Mesic|Wet Sand|Loam|Clay 2-4 feet Jul|Aug|Sep White
Allium cernuum Nodding Wild Onion Forb/Flower Sun|Part-Sun Mesic|Wet-Mesic Sand|Loam|Clay 1-2 feet Jul|Aug White-Pink
Amorpha canascens Leadplant Shrub/Vine Sun|Part-Sun Dry|Dry-Mesic|Mesic Sand|Loam|Clay|Gravel 3 x 3 feet Jun|Jul Purple
Andropogon gerardii Big Bluestem Grass/Sedge Sun Dry|Dry-Mesic|Mesic|Wet-Mesic Sand|Loam|Clay 4-8 feet Aug|Sep|Oct Purple Then Bronze/red
Anemone cylindrica Thimble Weed Forb/Flower Sun|Part-Sun Dry|Dry-Mesic|Mesic Sand|Loam|Clay 2-3 feet Jun|Jul|Aug White
Anemone virginica Tall Thimbleweed Forb/Flower Sun|Part-Sun|Shade Dry|Dry-Mesic|Mesic Loam 1-2.5 feet Jun|Jul|Aug White
Aquilegia canadensis Columbine Forb/Flower Part-Sun|Shade Dry|Dry-Mesic|Mesic Sand|Loam 1-3 feet May|Jun Red/Yellow
Aralia racemosa Spikenard Forb/Flower Part-Sun|Shade Wet-Mesic|Wet Loam|Clay 3-6 feet Jun White
Aronia melanocarpa Black Chokeberry Shrub/Vine Sun|Part-Sun Dry|Dry-Mesic|Mesic Sand|Loam 3-6 feet Jun White
Asarum canadense Wild Ginger Forb/Flower Shade Mesic|Wet-Mesic Loam|Clay 4-6 inches May Red
Asclepias incarnata Swamp Milkweed Forb/Flower Sun Wet-Mesic|Wet Sand|Loam|Clay 3-5 feet Red
Asclepias syriaca Common Milkweed Forb/Flower Sun|Part-Sun Dry|Dry-Mesic|Mesic|Wet-Mesic Sand|Loam|Clay 2-4 feet Jun|Jul|Aug Pale Pink
Asclepias tuberosa Butterfly Weed Forb/Flower Sun Dry|Dry-Mesic|Mesic Sand|Loam 2-3 feet Jun|Jul|Aug Orange
Asclepias verticillata Whorled Milkweed Forb/Flower Sun Dry|Dry-Mesic|Mesic|Wet-Mesic Sand|Loam|Clay 1-2 feet Jul|Aug White
Aster (Doellingeria) umbellata Flat-topped Aster Forb/Flower Sun Wet-Mesic|Wet Loam|Clay 3-5 feet Aug|Sep White
Aster (Symphyotricum) puniceum Swamp Aster Forb/Flower Sun|Part-Sun Mesic|Wet-Mesic Sand|Loam|Clay 3-5 feet Aug|Sep White
Aster (Symphyotricum) cordifolium Heart-leaf Aster Forb/Flower Part-Sun|Shade Dry|Dry-Mesic|Mesic|Wet-Mesic Loam 1-3 feet Sep|Oct Light Purple
Aster (Symphyotricum) laeve Smooth Aster Forb/Flower Sun Mesic Sand|Loam 2-4 feet Aug|Sep|Oct Lavender/blue
Aster (Symphyotricum) novae-angliae New England Aster Forb/Flower Sun|Part-Sun Mesic|Wet-Mesic|Wet Sand|Loam|Clay 3-6 feet Aug|Sep|Oct Pink/purple/blue
Aster (Symphyotricum) oolentangiense Sky Blue Aster Forb/Flower Sun Dry|Dry-Mesic Sand|Loam to 3 feet Sep|Oct Blue
Baptisia australis Blue Wild Indigo NN Forb/Flower Sun Mesic Sand|Loam|Clay 3-5 feet Jun Blue
Baptisia leucantha White Wild Indigo SC Forb/Flower Sun Dry-Mesic|Mesic|Wet-Mesic Sand|Loam|Clay 3-5 feet Jun|Jul White
Bouteloua curtipendula Side-Oats Grama T Grass/Sedge Sun Dry|Dry-Mesic|Mesic Sand|Loam 2-3 feet Jul|Aug Straw
Campanula americana Tall Bellflower Forb/Flower Sun|Part-Sun Wet-Mesic|Wet Loam 2-6 feet Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct Blue
Carex pensylvanica Penn Sedge Grass/Sedge Shade Dry|Dry-Mesic|Mesic|Wet-Mesic Sand|Loam|Clay 12 inches Brown
Carex vulpinoidea Fox Sedge Grass/Sedge Sun Wet-Mesic|Wet Sand|Loam|Clay 1-2 feet May|Jun Green
Ceanothus americanus New Jersey Tea Shrub/Vine Sun|Part-Sun Dry|Dry-Mesic|Mesic Sand|Loam|Clay 3 x 3 Jun|Jul White
Cephelanthus occidentalis Buttonbush Shrub/Vine Sun|Part-Sun Wet-Mesic|Wet Sand|Loam|Clay 6' x 6' Jun|Jul White
Chelone glabra Turtlehead Forb/Flower Sun Mesic|Wet-Mesic|Wet Sand|Loam|Clay 3-6 feet Aug|Sep White
Clematis virginiana Virgin's Bower Shrub/Vine Sun|Part-Sun Wet-Mesic|Wet Loam|Clay vine Jun|Jul White
Coreopsis lanceolata Sand Coreopsis Forb/Flower Sun|Part-Sun Dry|Dry-Mesic|Mesic Sand|Loam 2-3 feet Jun|Jul Yellow
Coreopsis palmata Prairie Coreopsis T Forb/Flower Sun Dry|Dry-Mesic|Mesic Sand|Loam 2-3 feet Jun|Jul|Aug Yellow
Coreopsis tripteris Tall Coreopsis Forb/Flower Sun|Part-Sun Mesic|Wet-Mesic Loam|Clay 3-7 feet Jul|Aug Yellow
Echinacea purpurea Purple Coneflower X Forb/Flower Sun|Part-Sun Dry|Dry-Mesic|Mesic Sand|Loam|Clay 3-4 feet Jul|Aug|Sep Pink/purple
Elymus canadensis Canada Wild Rye Grass/Sedge Sun Dry|Dry-Mesic|Mesic|Wet-Mesic Sand|Loam|Clay 4-5 feet Jun|Jul|Aug Straw
Elymus hystrix Bottlebrush Grass Grass/Sedge Sun|Part-Sun Dry|Dry-Mesic|Mesic Sand|Loam 2-5 feet Jun|Jul|Aug Gold
Erogrostis spectabilis Purple Love Grass Grass/Sedge Sun Dry Sand|Loam 1-1.5 feet Jun|Jul|Aug Beige
Eryngium yuccifolium Rattlesnake Master T Forb/Flower Sun Dry|Dry-Mesic|Mesic Sand|Loam|Clay 3-5 feet Jun|Jul|Aug White
Eupatorium maculatum Joe Pye Weed Forb/Flower Sun Mesic|Wet-Mesic|Wet Sand|Loam|Clay 4-6 feet Jul|Aug|Sep Pink
Eupatorium perfoliatum Boneset Forb/Flower Sun|Part-Sun Mesic|Wet-Mesic|Wet Sand|Loam|Clay 3-5 feet Jul|Aug|Sep White
Euphorbia corollata Flowering Spurge Forb/Flower Sun Dry|Dry-Mesic Sand|Loam 2 feet Jun|Jul White
Euthamia gramnifolia Grass-leaved Goldenrod Forb/Flower Sun Mesic Sand|Loam|Clay 2-3 feet Aug|Sep Yellow
Fragaria virginiana Wild Strawberry Forb/Flower Sun|Part-Sun|Shade Mesic|Wet-Mesic Sand|Loam|Clay 6 inches Jun White
Geranium maculatum Wild Geranium Forb/Flower Sun|Part-Sun Mesic Sand|Loam 1-2 feet May|Jun Lavender
Helenium autumnale Sneezeweed Forb/Flower Sun Mesic|Wet-Mesic|Wet Sand|Loam|Clay 4-5 feet Aug|Sep|Oct Yellow
Helianthus divaricatus Woodland Sunflower Forb/Flower Sun|Part-Sun Dry|Dry-Mesic|Mesic|Wet-Mesic Loam 3-5 feet Jul|Aug|Sep Yellow
Helianthus giganteus Tall Sunflower Forb/Flower Sun|Part-Sun Wet-Mesic Loam 5-8 feet Aug|Sep Yellow
Helianthus grosseserratus Sawtooth Sunflower Forb/Flower Sun Mesic|Wet-Mesic|Wet Loam|Clay 6-12 feet Aug|Sep Yellow
Helianthus mollis Downy Sunflower T, NN Forb/Flower Sun Dry Sand 4-6 feet Aug|Sep Yellow
Helianthus occidentalis Prairie Sunflower Forb/Flower Sun Dry|Dry-Mesic|Mesic Sand|Loam 2-3 feet Jul|Aug Yellow
Helianthus strumosus Pale-leaved Sunflower Forb/Flower Sun|Part-Sun Dry|Dry-Mesic|Mesic Sand|Loam|Clay 3-5 feet Aug|Sep|Oct Yellow
Heuchera americana Alum Root Forb/Flower Sun|Part-Sun Dry|Dry-Mesic|Mesic Sand|Loam 1-3 feet Jun Green
Ilex verticillata Winterberry Holly Shrub/Vine
Iris virginica Southern Blue Flag Forb/Flower Sun|Part-Sun Wet Sand|Loam|Clay 2-3 feet Jun|Jul Blue
Lespedeza capitata Roundhead Bushclover Forb/Flower Sun Dry|Dry-Mesic|Mesic Sand|Loam|Gravel 3-5 feet Aug|Sep White
Liatris aspera Rough Blazing Star Forb/Flower Sun Dry|Dry-Mesic|Mesic Sand|Loam 3-4 feet Aug|Sep Pink
Liatris spicata Dense Blazing Star Forb/Flower Sun Mesic|Wet-Mesic Sand|Loam|Clay 3-6 feet Aug|Sep Pink
Lindera benzoin Spicebush Shrub/Vine Sun|Part-Sun Mesic|Wet-Mesic|Wet Sand|Loam 15x12 March|Apr|May Yellow
Lobelia cardinalis Cardinal Flower Forb/Flower Sun|Part-Sun Mesic|Wet-Mesic|Wet Loam 2-4 feet Jul|Aug|Sep Red
Lobelia inflata Indian Tobacco Forb/Flower Part-Sun|Shade Dry|Dry-Mesic|Mesic Sand|Loam 2-3 feet Aug|Sep Lt. Blue/white
Lobelia siphilitica Great Blue Lobelia Forb/Flower Sun|Part-Sun Dry|Dry-Mesic|Mesic|Wet-Mesic Sand|Loam|Clay 1-4 feet Jul|Aug|Sep Blue
Mimulus ringens Monkey Flower Forb/Flower Sun Wet-Mesic|Wet Sand|Loam|Clay 1-3 feet Jun|Jul|Aug Blue
Monarda fistulosa Bergamot Forb/Flower Sun|Part-Sun Dry|Dry-Mesic|Mesic|Wet-Mesic Sand|Loam|Clay 2-5 feet Jul|Aug Lavender
Monarda punctata Dotted Mint (Horse Mint) Forb/Flower Sun Dry Sand|Gravel 1-3 feet Jul|Aug|Sep Lavender/yellow
Oenothera biennis Common Evening Primrose Forb/Flower Sun|Part-Sun Dry|Dry-Mesic|Mesic|Wet-Mesic Sand|Loam|Clay 3-6 feet Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct Yellow
Panicum virgatum Switch Grass Grass/Sedge Sun Dry|Dry-Mesic|Mesic|Wet-Mesic Sand|Loam|Clay 3-6 feet Aug|Sep Gold
Penstemon digitalis Foxglove Beardtongue Forb/Flower Sun|Part-Sun Mesic|Wet-Mesic Sand|Loam|Clay 2-3 feet Jun White
Penstemon hirsutus Hairy Beardtongue Forb/Flower Sun Dry|Dry-Mesic|Mesic|Wet-Mesic|Wet Loam 1-3 feet May|Jun|Jul Purple-violet
Physocarpus opulifolius Ninebark Shrub/Vine Sun|Part-Sun Dry-Mesic|Mesic Sand|Loam|Clay
Potentilla fruticosa Shrubby Cinquefoil Shrub/Vine Sun|Part-Sun Dry|Dry-Mesic|Mesic|Wet-Mesic Sand|Loam|Clay 3 x 3 feet Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep Yellow
Psysostegia virginiana Obedient Plant Forb/Flower Sun|Part-Sun|Shade Mesic|Wet-Mesic|Wet Loam|Clay 2-4 feet Jun|Jul|Aug White
Pycnanthemum virginianum Mountain Mint Forb/Flower Sun Mesic|Wet-Mesic Loam 2-4 feet Aug|Sep White
Ratibida pinnata Yellow Coneflower Forb/Flower Sun Dry|Dry-Mesic|Mesic|Wet-Mesic Loam|Clay 3-6 feet Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep Yellow
Rudbeckia hirta Black-eyed Susan Forb/Flower Sun|Part-Sun Dry|Dry-Mesic|Mesic|Wet-Mesic Sand|Loam|Clay 1-3 feet Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep Yellow
Rudbeckia laciniata Green Headed Coneflower Forb/Flower Sun|Part-Sun Mesic|Wet-Mesic|Wet Sand|Loam|Clay 5-8 feet Aug|Sep Yellow
Rudbeckia triloba Brown Eyed Susan Forb/Flower Sun|Part-Sun Mesic|Wet-Mesic Sand|Loam 2-5 feet Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct Yellow
Schizachyrium scoparium Little Bluestem Grass/Sedge Sun Dry|Dry-Mesic|Mesic Sand|Loam 2-3 feet Aug|Sep|Oct Bronze-red
Senna hebecarpa Wild Senna Forb/Flower Sun Wet-Mesic|Wet Sand|Loam|Clay 3-5 feet Jul|Aug Yellow
Silphium laciniatum Compassplant T Forb/Flower Sun Dry|Dry-Mesic|Mesic Sand|Loam|Clay 3-10 feet Jul|Aug|Sep Yellow
Silphium perfoliatum Cup Plant T Forb/Flower Sun|Part-Sun Mesic|Wet-Mesic|Wet Sand|Loam|Clay 3-10 feet Jul|Aug|Sep Yellow
Silphium terebinthinaceum Prairie Dock Forb/Flower Sun Mesic|Wet-Mesic Sand|Loam|Clay 3-10 feet Jul|Aug|Sep Yellow
Sisyrinchium angustifolium Stout Blue-eyed Grass Forb/Flower Sun|Part-Sun Mesic Loam 1-2 feet May|Jun Blue
Solidago (Oligoneuron) ohioensis Ohio Goldenrod Forb/Flower Sun Mesic|Wet-Mesic Sand|Loam|Clay 4-5 feet Aug|Sep|Oct Yellow
Solidago (Oligoneuron) riddellii Riddell's Goldenrod Forb/Flower Sun Wet-Mesic|Wet Sand|Loam|Clay 4-6 feet Aug|Sep|Oct Yellow
Solidago (Oligoneuron) rigida Stiff Goldenrod Forb/Flower Sun Dry|Dry-Mesic|Mesic Loam|Clay 2-4 feet Aug|Sep|Oct Yellow
Solidago caesia Blue-stemmed Goldenrod Forb/Flower Sun|Part-Sun Dry|Dry-Mesic|Mesic Sand|Loam|Clay 2-3 feet Aug|Sep|Oct Yellow
Solidago flexicaulis Zig-zag Goldenrod Forb/Flower Part-Sun|Shade Dry|Dry-Mesic|Mesic Loam 2-3 feet Aug|Sep|Oct Yellow
Solidago nemoralis Gray Goldenrod Forb/Flower Sun Dry|Dry-Mesic Sand|Loam|Clay|Gravel 0.5-2.5 ft Aug|Sep|Oct Yellow
Solidago speciosa Showy Goldenrod Forb/Flower Sun Dry|Dry-Mesic|Mesic Sand|Loam 1-3 feet Aug|Sep|Oct Yellow
Sorghastrum nutans Indian Grass Grass/Sedge Sun Dry|Dry-Mesic|Mesic|Wet-Mesic Sand|Loam|Clay 5-7 feet Aug|Sep Gold
Spiraea alba Meadowsweet Shrub/Vine Sun Dry-Mesic|Mesic|Wet-Mesic|Wet Sand|Loam|Clay 3-7 feet Jun|Jul White
Sporobolus heterolpis Prairie (Northern) Dropseed SC Grass/Sedge Sun Dry|Dry-Mesic|Mesic Sand|Loam 2-4 feet Aug|Sep Gold
Thalictrum dasycarpum Tall Meadow Rue Forb/Flower Sun|Part-Sun Mesic|Wet-Mesic|Wet Sand|Loam|Clay 3-6 feet Jun|Jul White
Thalictrum dioicum Early Meadow Rue Forb/Flower Part-Sun|Shade Dry|Dry-Mesic|Mesic Sand|Loam|Clay 2-3 feet May|Jun White
Tradescantia ohioensis Ohio Spiderwort Forb/Flower Sun|Part-Sun Dry|Dry-Mesic|Mesic|Wet-Mesic Loam|Clay 2-3 feet Jun|Jul|Aug Blue
Verbena hastata Blue Vervain Forb/Flower Sun Mesic|Wet-Mesic|Wet Sand|Loam|Clay 3-6 feet Jul|Aug|Sep Blue
Verbena stricta Hoary Vervain Forb/Flower Sun Dry|Dry-Mesic|Mesic Sand|Loam 2-4 feet Jul|Aug|Sep Blue
Vernonia missurica Ironweed Forb/Flower Sun Wet-Mesic|Wet Loam|Clay 3-6 feet Jul|Aug|Sep Purple-Rose
Veronicastrum virginicum Culver's Root Forb/Flower Sun|Part-Sun Dry|Dry-Mesic|Mesic|Wet-Mesic|Wet Loam|Clay 2-6 feet White
Zizia aurea Golden Alexanders Forb/Flower Sun|Part-Sun|Shade Dry-Mesic|Mesic|Wet-Mesic Sand|Loam|Clay 1-3 feet May|Jun|Jul Yellow